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Citing Reports, Theses and Dissertations in APA

Government Report

National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Organizational Report

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Practice guidelines for the treatment of patients with eating disorders (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

General Format

Author, A.A. (year). Title of Dissertation or Thesis [Format, Institution]. Database or Archive. URL

Unpublished Dissertation or Thesis

Potter, L. (2020) Instructional practices of professors teaching magic at schools in the UK. [Unpublished doctoral dissertation]. Fictional University. 

Dissertation or Thesis Online

Krogh, A. E. (2015). Interactive invitations: Media melding and game of thrones [Mater's Thesis, The University of Wyoming]. (Publication No. 1593171). ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Lecture Notes, Powerpoints and Personal Communications

General Format

Speaker, S.S. (Year, Month). Title of presentation. In E.E. Chairperson (Chair), Title of conference/venue. Symposium/talk/address conducted at the meeting of Organization Name, Location.

Presentation at Conference

Urban, T. (2016, February). Inside the mind of a master procrastinator. TED2016. Talk presented at 2016 TED conference, Vancouver, Canada.

Lecture Notes or Presentation Slides

Wilson, T. (2018). Social media and education: A timeline of education online [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from

Personal communications such as emails and interviews should not be included in your reference list. Instead, cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only.


Dr. Robbins claimed that his students didn't know how to cite personal communications (personal communication, August 30, 2017).