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Library Media

Citing Web Sources in APA

General Format

Organization or Author, A.A. (date). Page Title. Retrieved from url. 

Individual Author 

Cain, K. (2012, June 29). The Negative effects of Facebook on communication. Social Media Today RSS.

Group Author 

American Kennel Club. (2019, May 19). Are they playing or fighting? A guide to evaluating rough pup play.

Frequently Updated Pages

U.S. Census Bureau. (n.d.) US. and world population clock. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved January 4, 2020, from

Blog Post

Griffiths, M.D. (2020, January 7). Addictive sounds: Another look at music as an addiction. Psychology Today.

Comment On an Online Post

Lastname, A. OR Username. (year, Month day). Comment title OR up to the first 20 words of comment.[Comment on the post "Title of blog post"]. Title of Blog. Direct URL to blog post if possible

Smith, T. (2010, November 24). Thanks very much! This is very helpful. Could you also provide a few more online citation and reference tips?.  [Comment on the post "How to Cite Something You Found on a Website in APA Style"].

Name [username]. (date). Title or caption. [Media Type]. URL 


APA Style [@officialapastyle]. (2018, December 5). Welcome to the official Instagram for #APAStyle! We’re here to help you with your APA Style questions [Instagram photograph].

APA Style [@officialapastyle]. (n.d.). Posts [Instagram profile]. Retrieved December 10, 2018,


Reuters Top News [Reuters]. (2016, November 1). Inside David Bowie's art collection [Twitter moment].


Gaiman, N. [Neil]. (2012, February 29). Please celebrate Leap Year Day in the traditional manner by taking a writer out for dinner. It’s been four years since many authors had a good dinner. We are waiting. Many of us have our forks or chopsticks at the [Facebook status update].

General Format

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxx

With Creators Name

Cicierega, N. (2007, March 23) Potter Puppet Pals: The mysterious ticking noise.[Video file].

Ballinger, C. [Miranda Sings]. (2019 April 16) Reacting to Billie Eilish. [Video file]

Screen Name Only

[NFL]. (2020, February 2). Shakira & J. Lo's full Pepsi Super Bowl LIV halftime show.[Video File].

Video Channel

Citing Audio-Visual Materials in APA

General Format 

Producer, P. P. (Producer), & Director, D. D. (Director). (Date of publication). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of origin: Studio.

DVD of a Film

Del Vecho, P. (Producer), & Buck, C. (Director). (2013). Frozen [DVD]. United States: Walt Disney Pictures

Film Streaming

Clark, D., Morgan, C., & Townsend C. (Producers), & Bier, S.(Director). (2018). Bird Box [Video file]. Netflix. Retrieved from

Foreign Language

Del Toro, G. (Director). (2006). El laberinto del fauno [Pan’s labyrinth]. Warner Bros. Pictures.

General Format

Executive Producer, P. P. (Executive Producer). (Date range of release). Title of broadcast [TV series]. Production company(s).

TV Series

Favreau, J., Filoni, D., Kennedy, K., & Wilson, C. (Executive Producers). (2019-present) The mandalorian. [TV series]. Lucasfilm; Disney +.

An episode of a Series

Sikowitz, M. (Writer), Astrof, J. (Writer) & Lembeck, M. (Director). (1996, Jan 28).The one after the Superbowl: Part 1(Season 2, Episode 13) [TV Series Episode]. In D. Crane, M. Kauffman & K. S. Bright (Executive Producers), Friends. Bright/Kauffman/Crane Productions; Warner Bros. Television

General Format

Composer, C.C. (Year). Title of song. On Title of album. Label. 

Musical Album

Swift, T. (2012). Red [Album]. Big Machine. 

Single Song or Track

Queen. (1975) Bohemian Rhapsody [Song]. On A Night at the Opera. EMI; Elektra. 


Koenig, S. (Host). (2014-present). Serial [Audio Podcast]. WBEZ.

Speech Recording

King, M.L., Jr. (1963, August 28). I have a dream [Speech audio recording]. American Rhetoric.

General Format

Artist, A.A. (year) Title of Work [Medium]. Location. URL

Artwork in a Museum 

Da Vinci, L. (1503-1519). Mona Lisa [Painting]. Paris, France: The Louvre. Paris, France.


McCurry, S. (1985). Afghan girl [Photograph]. National Geographic.