Skip to Main Content

How to Cite Your Sources

A guide to some of the citation styles

Citing Books in MLA

General Format

Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher name (shortened), Year of Publication.


Levitt, Steven D., and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything. Harper Perennial, 2009.
Nickels, William, et al. Understanding Canadian Business. 9th ed., McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2016

With Edition

Rowling, J. K. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. 1st American ed, A.A. Levine Books, 1998.


Waldau, Paul. Animal Rights: What Everyone Needs To Know. Oxford University Press, 2010. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost).

General Format 

Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Book: Subtitle if Any, edited by Editor's First Name and Last Name, Publisher Name often shortened, Year of publication.

Whole Book

Austen, Jane. Emma, edited by James Kinsley, Oxford UP, 2008.

Chapter, short story, or essay

Ross, Colin. "The Story of Grey Owl." Fiction/Non-Fiction: A Reader and Rhetoric, edited by Garry Engkent and Lucia Engkent, 2nd ed., Thomson Nelson, 2006, pp. 327-333. 

General Format

Chapter Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Chapter.” Title of the Book, edited by Editor's First Name Last Name, Publisher, Year, pp. page range. Title of Database or Web site, URL. Access Date - Day Month Year.


Schuol, Sebastian. "Epigenetics and Genetic Determinism." Epigenetics: Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects, edited by Heil Reinhard. Springer VA, 2017, pp. 41-54.


Melic, Nela. "Our House in the Middle of the Street." Art and the City, edited by Jason Luger, and Julie Ren, Taylor and Francis, 2017, n.p. ProQuest Ebook Central, Accessed 1 July 2017.

Entry in Online Work

Cartwright, Mark. "Ancient Crete." Ancient History Encyclopedia. 2 Feb 2017. Accessed 12 Dec 2017.

Entry in Online Work (no author)

1"Power Corrupts; Absolute Power Corrupts Absolutely." The Phrase Finder. by Gary Martin. Accessed 3 Aug. 208.

General Format

Author's Last Name, First Name, editor(s), if applicable. Title of Multivolume Work. Publisher, Year. Vols. Number.


Shakespeare, William. The Complete Oxford Shakespeare. Edited by Stanley W. Wells and Gary Taylor. Oxford UP, 1987, 3 vols.

Citing Periodicals in MLA

General Format

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.


Duvall, John N. "The (Super)Marketplace of Images: Television as Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise." Arizona Quarterly, vol. 50, no. 3, 1994, pp. 127-53.


Junge, Wolfgang, and Nathan Nelson. “Nature's Rotary Electromotors.” Science 29 Apr. 2005: 642-44. Science Online. Web. 5 Mar. 2009.

General Format

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages.

National Publication 

Brubaker, Bill. "New Health Center Targets County's Uninsured Patients." Washington Post, 24 May 2007, p. LZ01.

Local Publication

Behre, Robert. "Presidential Hopefuls Get Final Crack at Core of S.C. Democrats." Post and Courier [Charleston, SC],29 Apr. 2007, p. A11.

General Format

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages.


Buchman, Dana. "A Special Education." Good Housekeeping, Mar. 2006, pp. 143-48.


Cosh, Kolby. "Tiny Human Brains Threaten Giant Dinosaur Bones in Alberta." Maclean's, 25 July 2012, Accessed 13 June 2016.

From Library Database

"Convenience Store Shopping Behavior: Packaged Beverages." Convenience Store News, vol. 36, no. 15, 18 Dec. 2000, p. 113. Business Source Complete.